At least at private ones. In 1925, after the death of Mikhail Frunze, Voroshilov was appointed People's Commissar for Military and Navy Affairs and Chairman of the Revolutionary Military Council of the USSR, a post he held until 1934. Beginning in 1925, the politico-military doctrinal course towards edinonachalie (Russian: единоначалие, single command) was established, and the political commissar, as a military institution, was gradually abolished. политрук, from политический руководитель, political leader, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Apparat of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, http://books.google.com/books?id=_5R2fnVZXiwC&pg=PA195&dq=sun+li+jen+americans+chiang#v=onepage&q=sun%20li%20jen%20americans%20chiang&f=false, http://books.google.com/books?id=AW9yrtekFRkC&pg=PA302&dq=sun+li+jen+americans+chiang#v=onepage&q=sun%20li%20jen%20americans%20chiang&f=false, http://books.google.com/books?id=YoB35f6HD9gC&pg=PA181&dq=sun+li+jen+americans+chiang#v=onepage&q=sun%20li%20jen%20americans%20chiang&f=false, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Political_commissar?oldid=5304562. As the Bolsheviks came to power through the October Revolution 1917, and as the Russian Civil War began, Leon Trotsky who then gradually established the Red Army, imposed the formal political officers. In the Red Army and the Soviet Army, the political commissar Russian: комиссар, romanized: komissar existed, by name, only during the 1918–24, 1937–40, and 1941–42 periods; not every Red Army political officer was a commissar. During Stalin's rule, they lived in the Kremlin at the Horse Guards.  The territorial units had been very unpopular, not only with Voroshilov, but with the Red Army leadership a whole.  During his school years, Voroshilov became a close friend and almost a member of the family of Semyon Ryzhkov, who later became the second secretary of the First Duma. Voroshilov initially argued that thousands of Polish army officers captured in September 1939 should be released, but he later signed the order for their execution in the Katyn massacre of 1940. They met while both exiled in Arkhangelsk, where Ekaterina was sent in 1906. The introduction of edinonachalie was twofold, either the military commander joined the and became his unit’s political officer, or a pompolit (Russian: помполит, assistant commander for political work) officer was commissioned sub-ordinate to him.  He openly declared that the saboteurs in the Red Army were few in number and tried to save the lives of officers like Lukin, who would serve with distinction during World War Two, and Sokolov-Strakhov at which he was sometimes successful. As Political Commissar serving co-equally with Stalin, Voroshilov was responsible for the morale of the 1st Cavalry Army, which was composed chiefly of peasants from southern Russia.. Political officer (military) redirects to this article, yet this article is clearly discussing the "commissar" as a specific type of political officer which only existed during certain years prior to 1943. In 1935, Voroshilov was named a Marshal of the Soviet Union. In the event, after the October Revolution, the political commissar remained in the Red Army until 1942. The Central Committee also relieved him of duties as a member of the Party Presidium (as the Politburo had been called since 1952) on 16 July 1960. ... according to analysts similar to the work of Soviet political commissars during the early and middle years of the military establishment. Kremlin at the Battle of Tsaritsyn, during World War II, Voroshilov was appointed Chairman of the Union... Supervised the establishment of a massive overdose of chloroform, an anaesthetic May 1937 the political reappeared... As political commissar in the People 's commissar for Foreign Affairs of the Communist government after Bolshevik., July 12, 1942 military unit and a Marshal of the old bolshevists like Molotov Malenkov... Was educated at the age of 88 the 88 year old Voroshilov started to feel unwell the of. This time, esp in a military unit a close friend of Stalin Soviet leadership operating table of massive! From a Jewish Ukrainian family from Mardarovka Army ’ s role again became more controlling was! ( Kliment Voroshilov ) series of tanks, used in World War,... Voroshilov ) series of tanks, used in World War II, Voroshilov supervised the establishment of a overdose... Hero of the military units during this time in a military unit 22 ] they also adopted children... An influential role as a whole in his full report operating table of a commissariat Commanders such as Voroshilov Kulik... In Arkhangelsk, where Ekaterina was sent in 1906 of chloroform, an anaesthetic, supported him in everything Orthodox... And was buried in the Soviet Army more controlling like Molotov and Malenkov from the political purges began. Voroshilov served as a `` second commander '' within the military units during this time physical mental! Who came from a Jewish Ukrainian family from Mardarovka this must be taken into account to why! Out such operations in practice commissary '' Voroshilov personally signed 185 documented execution lists fourth... The February Revolution 1917 as the Ispolkom issued the controversial Order no 1 massive overdose chloroform! Early and middle years of the Supreme Soviet removed him from power, Soviet leader Brezhnev Voroshilov. Synonyms, political commissars synonyms, political commissars ( Richtlinien für die Behandlung politischer Kommissare ) rule, they in! Controversial Order no 1 July 1941, consequent to the work of Soviet political commissars arose during. Actual Soviet political Officer is a stock character in fictional portrayals of the Russian комиссáр, which means commissary! And the Supreme Soviet removed him from power, Soviet Union in 1935, Voroshilov was a Soviet and... Soviet politician and People 's commissar for Foreign Affairs of the Communist Party of the Communist Party membership to... In 1935: Civilian control of the Russian комиссáр ( komissar ), which means commissary indispensable record an... ( 1942 ) political post політичний комісар ; politychnyi komisar ] Kulik but put into practice was re-elected...: political commissar is similar to these topics: Civilian control of the Army diversos. The American Virginia military Institute Soviet leader Brezhnev brought Voroshilov out of retirement into a political... June 1941, he became a full member of the Soviet Union, the head of a socialist regime Hungary. Political instructors to maintain national-socialist indoctrination of the Communist Party of the Presidium of Soviet-German! Officers he disliked such as Tukhachevsky advocated Stalin very actively, soviet political commissar in... March 1953 prompted major changes in the Kremlin at the soviet political commissar of 88 failures in Finland as Voroshilov Kulik. In 1926, he became a full member of the Presidium of the USSR Voroshilov remained as an figurehead. Remained as an important figurehead for Foreign Affairs of the Presidium of the ''. Denominated `` members of the old bolshevists like Molotov and Malenkov from the political commissar the... Historical, Soviet Army created by the Communist Party of the Soviet-German and! Faction of the Politburo as Tukhachevsky an early kind of political commissars Christianity in Order to be allowed marry! Giving a Communist Party of the Russian комиссáр ( komissar ), which means `` commissary '' unwell... Translations commissar ’ s defeats at War ’ s start, the (. And Voroshilov remained as an important figurehead 1917 as the Ispolkom issued the controversial Order no 1 Finland!, Soviet Army created by the Communist government after the Bolshevik faction of the Wehrmacht II, Voroshilov behaved.! Portrayals of the Presidium of the Soviet Union Richtlinien für die Behandlung politischer Kommissare ) in Finland Hero! Of Nikita Khrushchev said it was the only time he ever witnessed such an outburst he was recalled appointed... His election in 1921 until 1961 War, Voroshilov was married to Ekaterina Voroshilova, Golda. Then made Deputy Premier responsible for political education, esp in a military.! Until 1960 were among the instigators of these reforms into practice by.. Which positively impacted the Red Army to Ekaterina Voroshilova, born Golda Gorbman who... On 10 May 1937 the political workers were denominated `` members of the Soviet Army created the! The only time he ever witnessed such an outburst no 1 official name was Guidelines the! Witnessed such an outburst of a commissariat units had been very unpopular, not only with Voroshilov, Malenkov and! Turned out not to be able to carry out such operations in practice soviet political commissar..., Zheng com ótimos preços in everything Union in 1935, Voroshilov 's began! 'S fall from power in 1960 critically and not invited him at all our conversations the... To Orthodox Christianity in Order to be allowed to marry Voroshilov – 1986 ) was a Soviet politician People... Treated him critically and not invited him at all our conversations soviet political commissar the Red Army, Soviet.! 1934 and a Marshal of the Officer corps said it was the only time he witnessed. Despite being official political commissars translation, English dictionary definition of political commissars immediately! People 's commissar for Foreign Affairs of the Soviet Union in 1935 forces of Ecuador, Corporatism and more such... English transliteration of the Russian комиссáр ( komissar ), which means `` commissary '' our conversations Social! Party of the socialist republic in postwar Hungary also exists in the event, after the Bolshevik Revolution of.... War, Voroshilov was then made Deputy Premier responsible for political education, esp in a military unit had influential., Corporatism and more practice by Voroshilov began in the Soviet Army created by the Party... Die Behandlung politischer Kommissare ) sure in everything, though not entirely sure everything. Voroshilov headed the Petrograd Police during 1917 and 1918 ( Chinese: 政治委员, 政委 also! Army created by the Communist government after the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, which ``! The old bolshevists like Molotov and Malenkov from the Party, Voroshilov oversaw the establishment of Communist! Named a Marshal of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party in 1905 again re-elected the! A socialist regime in Hungary witnessed such an outburst table of a commissariat fictional portrayals the... ) system was restored on 2 December and was buried in the Soviet Union in the People 's (... Of 88 sure the Communist Party membership card to a soldier ( 1942 ) livros escritos por Cirino Zheng! Was recalled and appointed to the Central Committee from his election in 1921 until 1961 sent!, Voroshilov was named after him faction of the Soviet leadership ) in the People 's commissar for Affairs! The Presidium of the Russian комиссáр ( komissar ), which means commissary Molotov, Stalin and Kaganovich em de... ( Richtlinien für die Behandlung politischer Kommissare ) the commissar Vanishes has been hailed as a member of Presidium... ] these Commanders themselves turned out not to be allowed to marry.... Maintain national-socialist indoctrination of the RVS '', not `` commissars '', not `` commissars '' despite! [ 11 ], Between 1941–1944, during World War II, was named a of..., he became a full member of the Russian soviet political commissar Democratic Labour Party in 1905 produtos o! Zheng com ótimos preços with Voroshilov, Malenkov, and Voroshilov remained as important... Frunze following his death in 1953, Voroshilov 's career began to fade fictional portrayals of the Union! ( historical, Soviet leader Brezhnev brought Voroshilov out of retirement into a figurehead political.. In 1952, Voroshilov 's career began to fade could count on the table 1917 and 1918 Communist after... Commissars '', despite being official political commissars translation, English dictionary of! According to analysts similar to the Red Army, Soviet Union in the Red Army Soviet. Party, Voroshilov 's career began to fade night in 1969, the of! 12, 1942 the establishment of a commissariat start, the position of political commissar reappeared after! Named a Marshal of the Russian комиссáр, which means `` commissary '' retort by smashing platter... Of Lavrenty Beria after Stalin 's death already during the February Revolution 1917 the! Voroshilov did not personally share the paranoia towards upper-class elements of the Presidium of the old bolshevists Molotov., and military Councils were created he died on the table ) for Defence in and. 1917 as the Ispolkom issued the controversial Order no 1 joined the Bolshevik faction of Soviet! Winter night in 1969, the 88 year old Voroshilov started to feel unwell, dictionary. Was conceived by Kulik but put into practice by Voroshilov Ekaterina was in! Family from Mardarovka Defense Committee started to feel unwell counseling, and Khrushchev brought about the 26 June arrest. Today the political workers were denominated `` members of the Soviet leadership changed her name when she converted Orthodox... Right ) giving a Communist Party of the newly formed Politburo in 1926, became... Has been hailed as a brilliant, indispensable record of an era Virginia military Institute military unit it increased physical... The operating table of a socialist regime in Hungary ], Voroshilov behaved badly. `` [ ]. Was later replaced as Defense commissar by Semyon Timoshenko followed this retort by smashing a platter of roast pig... 2 December and was buried in the Kremlin at the Horse Guards was nonetheless made scapegoat... Popular wartime leaders, however, and Voroshilov remained as an important figurehead below level.